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49 CFR §380 - Entry Level Driver Training

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Before you may allow a driver to operate a longer combination vehicle (LCV), you must make certain you have the appropriate documentation that the driver is qualified to drive that equipment.

Subpart A - LCV driver-training and driver-instructor requirements

§380.101 - LCV (Longer Combination Driver) Driver Training and Driver Instructor Requirements

  • Establishes minimum training requirements for drivers and instructors.
  • Establishes procedures for determining training compliance.

§380.105 - General Requirements

  • Commercial driver's may not drive a LCV unless he first takes a special training program.
  • To qualify to enter training program the driver must meet specific requirements and prove to the instructor.
  • Drivers who complete their training successfully is to be given a LCV Driver Training Certificate.

§380.109 - Driver Testing

  • Driver must pass both knowledge and skills test that may only be administered by a qualified LCV instructor.
  • Instructors shall develop their own tests, but they must be at least as stringent as these:
    The instructor must establish specific scoring methods.
    Training must cover theoretical and behind-the-wheel instruction.
    The test has to include all the maneuvers and operations practiced during Proficiency Development.
    The driver must receive at least 80% correct on the knowledge test.
    The driver must be able to perform successfully all parts of the Proficiency Development unit.
    Trainers should use the Examiners Manual for CDL Tests to develop their tests.

§380.111 - Substitute for Driving Training

  • Drivers who can be grandfathered in must have in the immediately preceding two years a valid class A CDL with a doubles/triples endorsement.
  • Only one driver's license.
  • CDL has not been suspended, revoked or canceled.
  • No convictions as listed in 383.51(b)
  • No more than one conviction for a serious traffic violation while operating a commercial motor vehicle (CMV).
  • No convictions of state or local law of a motor vehicle traffic control that happened with a traffic crash while operating a CMV.
  • The driver must also certify that:
    Have been regularly employed as a CDL driver in a position that requires a doubles and/or triples endorsement.
    For the immediately preceding two years has operated LCVs.
    The motor carrier issues a Certificate of Grandfathering.

§380.113 - Employer Responsibility

  • Motor Carrier's may not allow a driver to operate a LCV unless she meets the requirements of 380.203 or 380.205. This does not apply to drivers who fall under 380.111.
  • Must have proof of LCV certification.

Subpart B - LCV driver-training program

§380.201 - General Requirements

  • The LCV Training Program must include orientation, basic operations, safe operating practices, advanced operations and non-driving activities.

§380.203 - LCV Doubles

  • To qualify for training during the immediately previous six months the candidate must:
    Have valid CDL A with a doubles/triples endorsement
    Experience in a Group A vehicle
    Only one driver's license
    No suspension, revocation or cancellation of CDL
    No conviction as listed in 383.51(b)
    No conviction for violation of state or local laws in connection with crash while operating a CMV

§380.205 - LCV Triples

  • To qualify for training during the immediately previous six months the candidate must:
    Have valid CDL A with a doubles/triples endorsement
    Experience in a CMV with a GVW of 80,000 pounds or less
    Only one driver's license
    No suspension, revocation or cancellation of CDL
    No conviction as listed in 383.51(b)
    No conviction for violation of state or local laws in connection with crash while operating a CMV

Subpart C - LCV driver-instructor requirements

§380.301 - General Requirements

  • Classroom instructors must have audited a driver training program.
  • Skills instructors have to prove they have successfully completed the Driver Training Program
  • If employed by a training institution that she meets all state requirements.
  • Possesses a valid CDL A with a doubles/triples endorsement and any specialized equipment (i.e. tank) that will be used in training.
  • Have at least two years CMV driving experience.

§380.303 - Substitute for Instructor Requirements

  • Classroom instructors who have two years satisfactory experience teaching the LCV classroom portion.
  • Skills instructor who meet 380.111, have two years CMV experience in representative LCV, have two years experience as skills instructor, and meet state requirements if a vocational instructor.

§380.305 - Employer Responsibilities

  • Must not allow an instructor to teach if they are not qualified.
  • Must not contract with a training institution unless they use qualifying LCV instructors, is an accredited institution as recognized by the US Department of Education, is in compliance with all state training school requirements.

Subpart D - Driver-training certification

§380.401 - Certification Document

  • Students who complete training receive a Certification Document that contains the following information:
  • Certification statement: "I certify that (insert student's name) has presented evidence of meeting the training prerequisites set forth in the FMCSR (49 CFR §380.203(a) and §380.205(a)) for LCV training, and has successfully completed the LCV Driver-Training Course(s) indicated below:" Date completed LCV Doubles training.
    Date completed LCV Triples training.
    Statement: "I certify that the indicated LCV Driver-Training course(s) was provided by a qualified LCV Driver-Instructor as defined under 49 CFR §380.105 and meet(s) the minimum requirements set forth in 49 CFR §380, subparts A and B.

Subpart E - Entry-level driver training requirements

§380.501 - Applicability

  • Entry level drivers are subject to §383 unless already subject to the FTA or §390.3(f).
  • §380.502 - Definitions

  • An entry level driver is one with less than one year CDL experience in interstate commerce.
  • Entry level driver training is training a CDL driver receives in driver qualification requirements, hours of service regulations, driver wellness, whistle blower protection in addition to passing the CDL test.
  • §380.503 - Entry-Level Driver Training Requirements

  • Instruction must include driver qualification requirements, hours of service regulations, driver wellness and whistleblower protection.
  • §380.505 - Proof of Training

  • Employer must have proof of an entry level driver’s training.
  • §380.509 - Employer Responsibility

  • Any entry level driver must comply with §380.503.
  • Place training certificate in driver record.
  • All records must be maintained according to §390.31.
  • §380.511 - Employer Record Keeping Responsibilities

  • Must keep records according to §380.505 as long as the driver is employed for that company plus one year afterwards.
  • §380.513 - Required Information on the Training Certificate

  • Date certification issued.
  • Name of training provider.
  • Mailing address of training provider.
  • Name of driver.
  • A statement that driver completed the training in driver qualification requirements, hours of service, driver wellness and whistleblower protection.
  • Printed name of person attesting to required training.
  • Signature of person attesting to required training.
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